Investor Relations

Centennial Resource Development is an independent oil producer focused in the Delaware Basin. Centennial was formed in 2016 through the business combination of Centennial Resource Production, LLC and Silver Run Acquisition Corporation, a special purpose acquisition company formed by Mark Papa, our former Chairman and CEO, and Riverstone Holdings, LLC, an energy private equity fund. Centennial is headquartered in Denver, Colorado.

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Centennial Resource Development Announces Third Quarter 2020 Results and Lowers Full-Year Cost Guidance

DENVER, Nov. 02, 2020 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- Centennial Resource Development, Inc. (“Centennial” or the “Company”) (NASDAQ: CDEV) today announced third quarter 2020 financial and operational results and updated 2020 operational targets. 

Recent Financial and Operational Highlights

  • Generated free cash flow during the quarter
  • Reduced LOE per unit costs for the fourth consecutive quarter
  • Lowered well cost targets and full-year unit cost guidance
  • Increased full-year oil and total company production guidance
  • Borrowing base reaffirmed at $700 million and repaid $15 million of credit facility borrowings
  • Increased liquidity compared to the prior quarter
  • Resumed drilling and completions activity with solid results
  • Expect to be free cash flow positive in the fourth quarter at current strip pricing

Financial Results

For the third quarter 2020, Centennial reported a net loss of $51.5 million, or $0.19 per diluted share, compared to a net loss of $3.6 million, or $0.01 per diluted share, in the prior year period. Centennial’s continued focus on cost reductions resulted in an improvement in several unit cost metrics. As a result of its lower cost structure, the Company generated net cash from operating activities of $45.7 million and free cash flow1 of $10.5 million in the third quarter.

Total equivalent production during the third quarter 2020 averaged 68,934 barrels of oil equivalent per day (“Boe/d”) compared to 76,312 Boe/d in the prior year period. Average daily crude oil production for the quarter was 35,292 barrels of oil per day (“Bbls/d”) compared to 42,079 Bbls/d in the prior year period.

NGL volumes increased 21% to 14,885 Bbls/d compared to the second quarter 2020. The increase compared to the prior quarter was largely attributable to the Company’s primary gas processor shifting to ethane recovery during the quarter, in addition to higher gas capture rates.

“Centennial delivered a solid third quarter driven by lower operating expenses and well costs. Additionally, we increased our liquidity position organically by utilizing free cash flow to pay down debt,” said Sean R. Smith, Chief Executive Officer. “Underpinned by a significantly lower cost structure, we now expect to be free cash flow positive for the second half of 2020, assuming strip pricing and inclusive of our hedges.”

Third Quarter Operational Results

During the quarter, Centennial resumed operational activity adding one drilling rig, while achieving lower well costs. Additionally, the Company continued its successful implementation of various field-level initiatives to lower lease operating expenses (“LOE”). In July, Centennial completed the second phase of its electric substation in Reeves County, Texas, enabling it to convert more well-sites from generator power to the electrical grid, significantly reducing field emissions and equipment rental costs. Upon the pending completion of phase three, Centennial expects to reduce the number of generators from 125 in the third quarter 2019 to approximately 10 at year-end 2020. Centennial also continued its transition from electric submersible pumps to more reliable and lower cost gas lift, converting fifteen units during the quarter. As a result of these ongoing initiatives, third quarter LOE per unit decreased seven percent compared to the prior quarter.

“Our recent field-level projects have positively impacted Centennial’s economics in a number of ways. The electrification of the field and the transition to gas lift have dramatically lowered equipment rental costs, provided our well-sites with a more consistent power source and reduced the amount of workovers,” said Smith. “Combined, these programs have improved cash flow by reducing LOE costs by 36% over the past year, in addition to providing a more stable production base with lower downtime.”

Also during the quarter, Centennial completed five previously drilled but uncompleted (“DUC”) wells in Lea County, New Mexico targeting the Third Bone Spring Sand interval. The two-well Pac-Man pad (89% WI) was drilled with approximate 10,100-foot laterals and achieved an average initial 30-day production rate of 2,132 Boe/d (82% oil) per well, producing over 164,000 cumulative barrels of oil during its first sixty days online. Drilled with an average lateral length of 7,300 feet, the two-well Donkey Kong pad (100% WI) achieved an average initial 30-day production rate of 1,715 Boe/d (82% oil) per well and averaged 192 Bbls/d of oil per 1,000 foot of lateral per well. The Chimichangas well (50% WI) was completed with an approximate 9,900-foot lateral and reported an initial 30-day average production rate of 1,736 Boe/d (82% oil).

“These wells highlight the quality of our asset base with strong 30-day initial production rates, as well as 60-day initial production rates exceeding 1,200 barrels of oil per day on average,” Smith said. “Importantly, we were able to deliver these wells for an average cost of $858 per lateral foot. These results, combined with recent efficiencies and structural cost reductions, provide us with the confidence to further reduce our target well cost by 11% to approximately $800 per lateral foot.”

Total capital expenditures incurred for the quarter were $21.5 million, of which drilling and completion (“D&C”) capital expenditures totaled $19.7 million. Centennial’s facilities, infrastructure and other totaled $1.5 million, which was down significantly from prior quarters. The remaining $0.3 million was spent on land during the quarter.

Updated 2020 Operational Plans and Targets

Centennial recommenced drilling activity during the quarter and plans to continue operating a one-rig program for the remainder of the year. Based on recent operational performance, Centennial increased its 2020 oil production target by one percent to 36,000 Bbls/d and total company production target by two percent to 67,000 Boe/d. The Company also slightly reduced its full-year capital expenditure budget, as a result of lower facilities and infrastructure capital. Due to recent cost reduction initiatives, Centennial lowered its full-year 2020 guidance range for LOE per unit, in addition to G&A, DD&A, and severance & ad valorem taxes. Furthermore, the Company adjusted its estimates for operated wells spud and completed during the full-year.

“Based on enhanced operating margins and structural well cost improvements, we expect to generate incremental free cash flow in the fourth quarter, assuming strip pricing,” Smith said.

(For a detailed table summarizing Centennial’s updated 2020 operational and financial guidance, please see the Appendix of this press release.)

Capital Structure and Liquidity

As previously announced, the Company’s $700.0 million borrowing base was reaffirmed by its bank group. During the quarter, the Company used a portion of its operating cash flow to pay down $15.0 million in borrowings under its credit facility. As of September 30, 2020, Centennial had approximately $5.2 million in cash on hand and $355.0 million of borrowings outstanding under its revolving credit facility. As a result, Centennial’s pro forma total liquidity position increased by $16.9 million compared to the prior quarter to $314.1 million, based on its $700.0 million borrowing base, the availability blocker of $31.8 million and $4.3 million in current letters of credit outstanding, plus cash on hand. The Company’s current letters of credit represent a $4.5 million reduction compared to $8.8 million outstanding, as of September 30, 2020.

Hedge Position

For the fourth quarter of 2020, Centennial has 16,000 Bbls/d of oil hedged, consisting of approximately 80% fixed price swaps, at a weighted average floor price of $38.97 per barrel WTI. Centennial recently entered into additional oil and natural gas hedges primarily for 2021 in order to further protect against potential volatility in commodity prices. For 2021, the Company currently has 5,718 Bbls/d of oil hedged at weighted average fixed prices of $42.59 per barrel WTI and $47.79 per barrel Brent. In addition, Centennial has certain crude oil basis swaps and natural gas hedges in place for the remainder of 2020 and in 2021. Subject to market conditions, the Company expects to implement additional oil and natural gas hedges for 2021 over time. (For a summary table of Centennial’s derivative contracts as of October 31, 2020, please see the Appendix to this press release.)

Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q

Centennial’s financial statements and related footnotes will be available in its Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended September 30, 2020, which is expected to be filed with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) on November 3, 2020.

Conference Call and Webcast

Centennial will host an investor conference call on Tuesday, November 3, 2020 at 8:00 a.m. Mountain (10:00 a.m. Eastern) to discuss third quarter 2020 operating and financial results. Interested parties may join the webcast by visiting Centennial’s website at www.cdevinc.com and clicking on the webcast link or by dialing (800) 789-3525, or (442) 268-1041 for international calls, (Conference ID: 3692456) at least 15 minutes prior to the start of the call. A replay of the call will be available on Centennial’s website or by phone at (855) 859-2056 (Conference ID: 3692456) for a 14-day period following the call.

About Centennial Resource Development, Inc.

Centennial Resource Development, Inc. is an independent oil and natural gas company focused on the development of unconventional oil and associated liquids-rich natural gas reserves in the Permian Basin. The Company’s assets and operations, which are held and conducted through Centennial Resource Production, LLC, are concentrated in the Delaware Basin, a sub-basin of the Permian Basin. For additional information about the Company, please visit www.cdevinc.com.

Cautionary Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements

The information in this press release includes “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended. All statements, other than statements of historical fact included in this press release, regarding our strategy, future operations, financial position, estimated revenues and losses, projected costs, prospects, plans and objectives of management are forward-looking statements. When used in this press release, the words “could,” “may,” “believe,” “anticipate,” “intend,” “estimate,” “expect,” “project,” “goal”, “plan”, “target” and similar expressions are intended to identify forward-looking statements, although not all forward-looking statements contain such identifying words. These forward-looking statements are based on management’s current expectations and assumptions about future events and are based on currently available information as to the outcome and timing of future events.

Forward-looking statements may include statements about:

  • volatility of oil, natural gas and NGL prices or a prolonged period of low oil, natural gas or NGL prices and the effects of actions by, or disputes among or between, members of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (“OPEC”), such as Saudi Arabia, and other oil and natural gas producing countries, such as Russia, with respect to production levels or other matters related to the price of oil;
  • the effects of excess supply of oil and natural gas resulting from reduced demand caused by the COVID-19 pandemic and the actions taken in response by certain oil and natural gas producing countries;
  • our business strategy and future drilling plans;
  • our reserves and our ability to replace the reserves we produce through drilling and property acquisitions;
  • our drilling prospects, inventories, projects and programs;
  • our financial strategy, liquidity and capital required for our development program;
  • our realized oil, natural gas and NGL prices;
  • the timing and amount of our future production of oil, natural gas and NGLs;
  • our hedging strategy and results;
  • our competition and government regulations;
  • our ability to obtain permits and governmental approvals;
  • our pending legal or environmental matters;
  • the marketing and transportation of our oil, natural gas and NGLs;
  • our leasehold or business acquisitions;
  • cost of developing our properties;
  • our anticipated rate of return;
  • general economic conditions;
  • credit markets;
  • uncertainty regarding our future operating results;
  • our plans, objectives, expectations and intentions contained in this press release that are not historical; and
  • the other factors described in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019, and any updates to those factors set forth in our subsequent Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q or Current Reports on Form 8-K.

We caution you that these forward-looking statements are subject to all of the risks and uncertainties, most of which are difficult to predict and many of which are beyond our control, incident to the development, production, gathering and sale of oil and natural gas. These risks include, but are not limited to, commodity price volatility, inflation, lack of availability of drilling and production equipment and services, environmental risks, drilling and other operating risks, regulatory changes, the uncertainty inherent in estimating oil and gas reserves and in projecting future rates of production, cash flow and access to capital, the timing of development expenditures and the other risks described in our filings with the SEC.

Reserve engineering is a process of estimating underground accumulations of oil and natural gas that cannot be measured in an exact way. The accuracy of any oil and gas reserve estimate depends on the quality of available data, the interpretation of such data, and price and cost assumptions made by reserve engineers. In addition, the results of drilling, testing and production activities may justify revisions of estimates that were made previously. If significant, such revisions would change the schedule of any further production and development drilling. Accordingly, reserve estimates may differ significantly from the quantities of oil and natural gas that are ultimately recovered.

Should one or more of the risks or uncertainties described in this press release occur, or should underlying assumptions prove incorrect, our actual results and plans could differ materially from those expressed in any forward-looking statements. All forward-looking statements, expressed or implied, included in this press release are expressly qualified in their entirety by this cautionary statement. This cautionary statement should also be considered in connection with any subsequent written or oral forward-looking statements that we or persons acting on our behalf may issue.

Except as otherwise required by applicable law, we disclaim any duty to update any forward-looking statements, all of which are expressly qualified by the statements in this section, to reflect events or circumstances after the date of this press release.

1)  Free Cash Flow is a non-GAAP financial measure. See “Non-GAAP Financial Measures” included within the Appendix of this press release for related disclosures and calculations.

Contact:
Hays Mabry
Director, Investor Relations
(832) 240-3265
ir@cdevinc.com
 

Details of our updated 2020 operational and financial guidance are presented below:

    2020 FY Guidance
(Prior)
  2020 FY Guidance
(Updated)
Net average daily production (Boe/d)   64,000 68,000   66,000 68,000
Oil net average daily production (Bbls/d)   34,500 36,500   35,500 36,500
                 
Production costs                
Lease operating expenses ($/Boe)   $4.60 $5.00   $4.25 $4.50
Gathering, processing and transportation expenses ($/Boe)   $2.80 $3.10   $2.90 $3.00
Depreciation, depletion, and amortization ($/Boe)   $14.50 $16.50   $14.50 $15.50
Cash general and administrative ($/Boe)   $1.95 $2.15   $1.95 $2.10
Non-cash stock-based compensation ($/Boe)   $0.80 $1.00   $0.80 $0.90
Severance and ad valorem taxes (% of revenue)   7.0% 9.0%   6.0% 8.0%
                 
Capital expenditure program ($MM)   $240 $270   $240 $265
Drilling and completion capital expenditure   $200 $220   $200 $220
Facilities, infrastructure and land   $40 $50   $40 $45
                 
Operated drilling program                
Wells spud (gross)   17 23   21 24
Wells completed (gross)   30 33   31 33
Average working interest   ~90%   ~90%
Average lateral length (Feet)   ~7,500   ~7,500
                 

 

 
Centennial Resource Development, Inc.

Operating Highlights
 
  Three Months Ended September 30,   Nine Months Ended September 30, 2020
  2020   2019   2020   2019
Net revenues (in thousands):              
Oil sales $ 119,966     $ 200,196     $ 363,571     $ 590,055  
Natural gas sales 11,907     11,070     29,052     31,655  
NGL sales 17,228     17,864     39,756     66,228  
Oil and gas sales $ 149,101     $ 229,130     $ 432,379     $ 687,938  
               
Average sales prices:              
Oil (per Bbl) $ 36.95     $ 51.71     $ 34.86     $ 51.58  
Effect of derivative settlements on average price (per Bbl) (9.82 )   (3.00 )   (3.58 )   (1.15 )
Oil net of hedging (per Bbl) $ 27.13     $ 48.71     $ 31.28     $ 50.43  
               
Average NYMEX price for oil (per Bbl) $ 40.93     $ 56.45     $ 38.37     $ 57.05  
Oil differential from NYMEX (3.98 )   (4.74 )   (3.51 )   (5.47 )
               
Natural gas (per Mcf) $ 1.15     $ 0.96     $ 0.93     $ 1.04  
Effect of derivative settlements on average price (per Mcf) (0.25 )   0.30     (0.13 )   0.36  
Natural gas net of hedging (per Mcf) $ 0.90     $ 1.26     $ 0.80     $ 1.40  
               
Average NYMEX price for natural gas (per Mcf) $ 1.95     $ 2.33     $ 1.82     $ 2.57  
Natural gas differential from NYMEX (0.80 )   (1.37 )   (0.89 )   (1.53 )
               
NGL (per Bbl) $ 12.58     $ 14.47     $ 11.50     $ 16.88  
               
Net production:              
Oil (MBbls) 3,247     3,872     10,429     11,440  
Natural gas (MMcf) 10,354     11,491     31,209     30,409  
NGL (MBbls) 1,370     1,234     3,458     3,923  
Total (MBoe)(1) 6,342     7,021     19,088     20,431  
               
Average daily net production:              
Oil (Bbls/d) 35,292     42,079     38,061     41,903  
Natural gas (Mcf/d) 112,545     124,896     113,900     111,388  
NGL (Bbls/d) 14,885     13,417     12,619     14,371  
Total (Boe/d)(1) 68,934     76,312     69,664     74,839  
__________________
(1)                 Calculated by converting natural gas to oil equivalent barrels at a ratio of six Mcf of natural gas to one Boe.
 

 

 
Centennial Resource Development, Inc.

Operating Expenses
 
  Three Months Ended September 30,   Nine Months Ended September 30,
  2020   2019   2020   2019
Operating costs (in thousands):              
Lease operating expenses $ 24,543   $ 42,330   $ 83,021   $ 107,077
Severance and ad valorem taxes 7,839   12,213   30,108   45,519
Gathering, processing and transportation expenses 19,130   20,853   53,353   52,120
Operating costs per Boe:              
Lease operating expenses $ 3.87   $ 6.03   $ 4.35   $ 5.24
Severance and ad valorem taxes 1.24   1.74   1.58   2.23
Gathering, processing and transportation expenses 3.02   2.97   2.80   2.55

 

 
Centennial Resource Development, Inc.
Consolidated Statements of Operations (unaudited)
(in thousands, except per share data)
 
  Three Months Ended September 30,   Nine Months Ended September 30,
  2020   2019   2020   2019
Operating revenues              
Oil and gas sales $ 149,101     $ 229,130     $ 432,379     $ 687,938  
Operating expenses              
Lease operating expenses 24,543     42,330     83,021     107,077  
Severance and ad valorem taxes 7,839     12,213     30,108     45,519  
Gathering, processing and transportation expenses 19,130     20,853     53,353     52,120  
Depreciation, depletion and amortization 89,444     112,720     283,722     321,392  
Impairment and abandonment expense 19,904     6,745     650,629     42,427  
Exploration and other expenses 2,670     2,869     10,730     9,246  
General and administrative expenses 17,582     20,036     54,446     56,589  
Total operating expenses 181,112     217,766     1,166,009     634,370  
Net gain (loss) on sale of long-lived assets 145     (22 )   388     (15 )
Income (loss) from operations (31,866 )   11,342     (733,242 )   53,553  
               
Other income (expense)              
Interest expense (17,718 )   (15,246 )   (51,510 )   (39,843 )
Gain on exchange of debt         143,443      
Net gain (loss) on derivative instruments (1,968 )   1,522     (40,330 )   (2,221 )
Other income (expense) 23     62     (29 )   321  
Total other income (expense) (19,663 )   (13,662 )   51,574     (41,743 )
               
Income (loss) before income taxes (51,529 )   (2,320 )   (681,668 )   11,810  
Income tax (expense) benefit     (1,393 )   85,124     (5,058 )
Net income (loss) (51,529 )   (3,713 )   (596,544 )   6,752  
Less: Net (income) loss attributable to noncontrolling interest     128     2,362     (572 )
Net income (loss) attributable to Class A Common Stock $ (51,529 )   $ (3,585 )   $ (594,182 )   $ 6,180  
               
Income (loss) per share of Class A Common Stock:              
Basic $ (0.19 )   $ (0.01 )   $ (2.14 )   $ 0.02  
Diluted $ (0.19 )   $ (0.01 )   $ (2.14 )   $ 0.02  

 

 
Centennial Resource Development, Inc.
Consolidated Balance Sheets (unaudited)
(in thousands, except share and per share data)
 
  September 30, 2020   December 31, 2019
ASSETS      
Current assets      
Cash and cash equivalents $ 5,177     $ 10,223  
Accounts receivable, net 51,352     101,912  
Prepaid and other current assets 7,980     7,994  
Total current assets 64,509     120,129  
Property and Equipment      
Oil and natural gas properties, successful efforts method      
Unproved properties 1,282,833     1,470,903  
Proved properties 4,319,617     3,962,175  
Accumulated depreciation, depletion and amortization (1,804,014 )   (931,737 )
Total oil and natural gas properties, net 3,798,436     4,501,341  
Other property and equipment, net 13,319     14,612  
Total property and equipment, net 3,811,755     4,515,953  
Noncurrent assets      
Operating lease right-of-use assets 4,025     11,841  
Other noncurrent assets 42,747     40,365  
TOTAL ASSETS $ 3,923,036     $ 4,688,288  
       
LIABILITIES AND EQUITY      
Current liabilities      
Accounts payable and accrued expenses $ 116,377     $ 244,309  
Operating lease liabilities 3,415     9,232  
Other current liabilities 913     925  
Total current liabilities 120,705     254,466  
Noncurrent liabilities      
Long-term debt, net 1,092,241     1,057,389  
Asset retirement obligations 18,125     16,874  
Deferred income taxes 2,589     85,504  
Operating lease liabilities 1,097     3,354  
Other noncurrent liabilities 456      
Total liabilities 1,235,213     1,417,587  
Commitments and contingencies (Note 11)      
Shareholders’ equity      
Preferred stock, $0.0001 par value, 1,000,000 shares authorized:      
Series A: No shares issued and outstanding at September 30, 2020 and 1 share issued and outstanding at December 31, 2019      
Common stock, $0.0001 par value, 620,000,000 shares authorized:      
Class A: 290,104,427 shares issued and 278,317,272 shares outstanding at September 30, 2020 and 280,650,341 shares issued and 275,811,346 shares outstanding at December 31, 2019 29     28  
Class C (Convertible): No shares issued and outstanding at September 30, 2020 and 1,034,119 shares issued and outstanding at December 31, 2019      
Additional paid-in capital 2,999,640     2,975,756  
Retained earnings (accumulated deficit) (311,846 )   282,336  
Total shareholders’ equity 2,687,823     3,258,120  
Noncontrolling interest     12,581  
Total equity 2,687,823     3,270,701  
TOTAL LIABILITIES AND EQUITY $ 3,923,036     $ 4,688,288  

 

 
Centennial Resource Development, Inc.
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows (unaudited)
(in thousands)
 
  Nine Months Ended September 30,
  2020   2019
Cash flows from operating activities:      
Net income (loss) $ (596,544 )   $ 6,752  
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:      
Depreciation, depletion and amortization 283,722     321,392  
Stock-based compensation expense 16,164     21,351  
Impairment and abandonment expense 650,629     42,427  
Deferred tax expense (benefit) (85,124 )   5,058  
Net (gain) loss on sale of long-lived assets (388 )   15  
Non-cash portion of derivative (gain) loss (1,103 )   14  
Amortization of debt issuance costs and discount 4,112     2,070  
Gain on exchange of debt (143,443 )    
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:      
(Increase) decrease in accounts receivable 48,139     (47,771 )
(Increase) decrease in prepaid and other assets (2,825 )   (995 )
Increase (decrease) in accounts payable and other liabilities (43,107 )   34,562  
Net cash provided by operating activities 130,232     384,875  
Cash flows from investing activities:      
Acquisition of oil and natural gas properties (7,689 )   (73,346 )
Drilling and development capital expenditures (300,660 )   (644,945 )
Purchases of other property and equipment (1,035 )   (8,207 )
Proceeds from sales of oil and natural gas properties 1,375     28,378  
Net cash used in investing activities (308,009 )   (698,120 )
Cash flows from financing activities:      
Proceeds from borrowings under revolving credit facility 490,000     345,000  
Repayment of borrowings under revolving credit facility (310,000 )   (525,000 )
Proceeds from issuance of senior notes     496,175  
Debt exchange and debt issuance costs (6,650 )   (7,200 )
Restricted stock used for tax withholdings (598 )   (911 )
Net cash provided by financing activities 172,752     308,064  
Net increase (decrease) in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash (5,025 )   (5,181 )
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash, beginning of period 15,543     21,422  
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash, end of period $ 10,518     $ 16,241  

Reconciliation of cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash presented on the Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the periods presented:

  Nine Months Ended September 30,
  2020   2019
Cash and cash equivalents $ 5,177     $ 10,933  
Restricted cash 5,341     5,308  
Total cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash $ 10,518     $ 16,241  
               

Non-GAAP Financial Measures

In addition to disclosing financial results calculated in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”), our earnings release contains non-GAAP financial measures as described below.

Adjusted EBITDAX

Adjusted EBITDAX is a supplemental non-GAAP financial measure that is used by management and external users of our consolidated financial statements, such as industry analysts, investors, lenders and rating agencies. We define Adjusted EBITDAX as net income before interest expense, income taxes, depreciation, depletion and amortization, exploration and other expenses, impairment and abandonment expenses, non-cash gains or losses on derivatives, stock-based compensation, gain on exchange of debt, gains and losses from the sale of assets, transaction costs and nonrecurring workforce reduction severance payments. Adjusted EBITDAX is not a measure of net income as determined by GAAP.

Our management believes Adjusted EBITDAX is useful as it allows them to more effectively evaluate our operating performance and compare the results of our operations from period to period and against our peers without regard to our financing methods or capital structure. We exclude the items listed above from net income in arriving at Adjusted EBITDAX because these amounts can vary substantially from company to company within our industry depending upon accounting methods and book values of assets, capital structures and the method by which the assets were acquired. Adjusted EBITDAX should not be considered as an alternative to, or more meaningful than, net income as determined in accordance with GAAP or as an indicator of our operating performance or liquidity. Certain items excluded from Adjusted EBITDAX are significant components in understanding and assessing a company’s financial performance, such as a company’s cost of capital and tax structure, as well as the historic costs of depreciable assets, none of which are components of Adjusted EBITDAX. Our presentation of Adjusted EBITDAX should not be construed as an inference that our results will be unaffected by unusual or nonrecurring items. Our computations of Adjusted EBITDAX may not be comparable to other similarly titled measures of other companies.

The following table presents a reconciliation of Adjusted EBITDAX to net income, our most directly comparable financial measure calculated and presented in accordance with GAAP:

  Three Months Ended September 30,   Nine Months Ended September 30,
(in thousands) 2020   2019   2020   2019
Adjusted EBITDAX reconciliation to net income:              
Net income (loss) attributable to Class A Common Stock $ (51,529 )   $ (3,585 )   $ (594,182 )   $ 6,180  
Net income (loss) attributable to noncontrolling interest     (128 )   (2,362 )   572  
Interest expense 17,718     15,246     51,510     39,843  
Income tax expense (benefit)     1,393     (85,124 )   5,058  
Depreciation, depletion and amortization 89,444     112,720     283,722     321,392  
Impairment and abandonment expenses 19,904     6,745     650,629     42,427  
Gain on exchange of debt         (143,443 )    
Non-cash derivative (gain) loss (32,518 )   (9,740 )   (1,103 )   14  
Stock-based compensation expense 4,772     7,357     14,934     19,317  
Exploration and other expenses 2,670     2,869     10,730     9,246  
Workforce reduction severance payments 582         3,466      
Transaction costs         476      
(Gain) loss on sale of long-lived assets (145 )   22     (388 )   15  
Adjusted EBITDAX $ 50,898     $ 132,899     $ 188,865     $ 444,064  
                               

Free Cash Flow (Deficit)

Free cash flow (deficit) is a supplemental non-GAAP financial measure that is used by management and external users of our consolidated financial statements, such as industry analysts, investors, lenders and rating agencies. We define free cash flow (deficit) as net cash provided by operating activities before changes in working capital, less incurred capital expenditures.

Our management believes free cash flow (deficit) is a useful indicator of the Company’s ability to internally fund its exploration and development activities and to service or incur additional debt, without regard to the timing of settlement of either operating assets and liabilities or accounts payable related to capital expenditures. The Company believes that this measure, as so adjusted, presents a meaningful indicator of the Company’s actual sources and uses of capital associated with its operations conducted during the applicable period. Our computations of free cash flow (deficit) may not be comparable to other similarly titled measures of other companies. Free cash flow (deficit) should not be considered as an alternative to, or more meaningful than, cash provided by operating activities as determined in accordance with GAAP or as indicator of our operating performance or liquidity.

Free cash flow (deficit) is not a financial measure that is determined in accordance with GAAP. Accordingly, the following table presents a reconciliation of free cash flow (deficit) to net cash provided by operating activities, our most directly comparable financial measure calculated and presented in accordance with GAAP:

  Three Months Ended September 30,
(in thousands) 2020   2019
Net cash provided by operating activities $ 45,729     $ 104,681  
Changes in working capital:      
Accounts receivable (12,074 )   25,020  
Prepaid and other assets 2,866     841  
Accounts payable and other liabilities (4,559 )   (14,222 )
Discretionary cash flow 31,962     116,320  
Less: total capital expenditures incurred (21,500 )   (212,100 )
Free cash flow (deficit) $ 10,462     $ (95,780 )
               

Net Debt / Book Capitalization Ratio

Net debt / book capitalization ratio is a supplemental non-GAAP financial measure that is used by management and external users of our consolidated financial statements, such as industry analysts, investors, lenders and rating agencies. We define net debt / book capitalization ratio as net debt divided by book capitalization (non-GAAP). Net debt is defined as long-term debt, net, plus unamortized debt discount and issuance costs on Senior Notes minus cash and cash equivalents. Book capitalization (non-GAAP) is defined as long-term debt, net, plus unamortized debt discount and debt issuance costs on Senior Notes, plus total equity. Net debt / book capitalization ratio is not a measure calculated in accordance with GAAP.

Our management believes net debt / book capitalization ratio is useful as it allows them to more effectively evaluate our capital structure and liquidity and compare the results against our peers. Net debt / book capitalization ratio should not be considered as an alternative to, or more meaningful than, debt / book capitalization (GAAP) as determined in accordance with GAAP or as an indicator of our operating performance or liquidity. Our computations of net debt / book capital ratio may not be comparable to other similarly titled measures of other companies.

The following table presents a reconciliation of our net debt / book capitalization ratio to our most directly comparable financial measure calculated and presented in accordance with GAAP:

(in thousands) September 30, 2020   December 31, 2019
Total equity $ 2,687,823     $ 3,270,701  
       
Long-term debt, net 1,092,241     1,057,389  
Unamortized debt discount and debt issuance costs on Senior Notes 35,631     17,611  
Long-term debt 1,127,872     1,075,000  
Less: cash and cash equivalents (5,177 )   (10,223 )
Net debt (non-GAAP) 1,122,695     1,064,777  
       
Book capitalization (GAAP)(1) $ 3,780,064     $ 4,328,090  
       
Book capitalization (non-GAAP)(2) $ 3,815,695     $ 4,345,701  
       
Debt / book capitalization (GAAP)(3) 29 %   24 %
       
Net debt / book capitalization (non-GAAP)(4) 29 %   25 %
__________________          
(1)     Book capitalization (GAAP) is calculated as total equity plus long-term debt, net.
(2)     Book capitalization (non-GAAP) is calculated as total equity plus long-term debt.
(3)     Debt / book capitalization (GAAP) is calculated as long-term debt, net divided by book capitalization (GAAP).
(4)     Net debt / book capitalization (non-GAAP) is calculated as net debt (non-GAAP) divided by book capitalization (non-GAAP).
 

The following table summarizes the approximate volumes and average contract prices of swap contracts the Company had in place as of September 30, 2020 and additional contracts entered into through October 31, 2020:

  Period   Volume
(Bbls)
  Volume
(Bbls/d)
  Weighted Average
Fixed Price ($/Bbl)(1)
Crude oil swaps              
NYMEX WTI October 2020 - December 2020   1,196,000   13,000   $38.89
  January 2021 - March 2021   810,000   9,000   41.81
  April 2021 - June 2021   273,000   3,000   42.89
  July 2021 - September 2021   92,000   1,000   45.53
  October 2021 - December 2021   92,000   1,000   45.65
               
ICE Brent January 2021 - March 2021   270,000   3,000   $46.85
  April 2021 - June 2021   182,000   2,000   48.01
  July 2021 - September 2021   184,000   2,000   48.25
  October 2021 - December 2021   184,000   2,000   48.50
               
  Period   Volume
(Bbls)
  Volume
(Bbls/d)
  Weighted Average
Differential ($/Bbl)(2)
Crude oil basis swaps October 2020 - December 2020   1,196,000   13,000   $0.51
  January 2021 - March 2021   810,000   9,000   0.01
  April 2021 - June 2021   91,000   1,000   0.25
  July 2021 - September 2021   92,000   1,000   0.20
  October 2021 - December 2021   92,000   1,000   0.20
               
  Period   Volume
(Bbls)
  Volume
(Bbls/d)
  Weighted Average
Collar Price Ranges

($/Bbl)(3)
Crude oil collars October 2020 - December 2020   276,000   3,000   $39.33 - $45.02
__________________             
(1)    These crude oil swap transactions are settled based on the NYMEX WTI or ICE Brent oil price on each trading day within the contracted monthly settlement period.
(2)     These oil basis swap transactions are settled based on the difference between the arithmetic average of ARGUS MIDLAND WTI and ARGUS WTI CUSHING indices, during each applicable settlement period.
(3)     These crude oil collars are settled based on the NYMEX WTI price on each trading day within the specified monthly settlement period and establish floor and ceiling prices for the contractual volumes.
 

 

  Period   Volume
(MMBtu)
  Volume
(MMBtu/d)
  Weighted Average
Fixed Price

($/MMBtu)(1)
Natural gas swaps October 2020 - December 2020   3,370,000   36,630   $2.65
  January 2021 - March 2021   5,400,000   60,000   2.91
  April 2021 - June 2021   3,640,000   40,000   2.89
  July 2021 - September 2021   3,680,000   40,000   2.89
  October 2021 - December 2021   3,680,000   40,000   2.95
               
  Period   Volume
(MMBtu)
  Volume
(MMBtu/d)
  Weighted Average
Differential

($/MMBtu)(2)
Natural gas basis swaps October 2020 - December 2020   930,000   10,109   $(1.62)
  January 2021 - March 2021   1,800,000   20,000   (0.30)
  April 2021 - June 2021   3,640,000   40,000   (0.30)
  July 2021 - September 2021   3,680,000   40,000   (0.30)
  October 2021 - December 2021   3,680,000   40,000   (0.28)
               
  Period   Volume
(MMBtu)
  Volume
(MMBtu/d)
  Weighted Average
Collar Price Ranges

($/MMBtu)(3)
Natural gas collars October 2020 - December 2020   1,220,000   13,261   $2.90 - $3.64
  January 2021 - March 2021   1,800,000   20,000   $2.90 - $3.64
__________________             
(1)    These natural gas swap contracts are settled based on the NYMEX Henry Hub price on each trading day within the contracted monthly settlement period.
(2)    These natural gas basis swap contracts are settled based on the difference between the Inside FERC’s West Texas WAHA price and the  NYMEX price of natural gas, during each applicable settlement period.
(3)    These natural gas collars are settled based on the NYMEX Henry Hub price on each trading day within the specified monthly settlement period and establish floor and ceiling prices for the contractual volumes.
               

 

 

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Source: Centennial Resource Development